A Research on the Pattern of Teaching Behavior and Teaching Effectiveness of Elementary and Junior High School Teachers under the Trend of Principal’s Technology Leadership: Cases Analysis of AI Sokrates Teaching Analytics System
論文名稱(外文): A Research on the Pattern of Teaching Behavior and Teaching Effectiveness of Elementary and Junior High School Teachers under the Trend of Principal’s Technology Leadership: Cases Analysis of AI Sokrates Teaching Analytics System
此外，校長藉由科技領導的實施策略，能適切的影響教師將科技融入教學，型塑教學行為特徵，讓科技的輔助得以真正符合教學的需求。本研究進一步發現，教師教學行為特徵與教學效能 (r=0.83, p <.01) 整體達顯著高度正相關。經結構方程模式適配指標檢視之後，教師教學行為特徵對教師教學效能具有顯著且正向的影響（標準化參數為0.97）。本研究依據結果提出建議，俾供我國教育行政機關、學校校長、教師以及後續研究之參考。
Teachers' reflection or feedback after teaching relied on human records in the past. The development of relevant research to collecting data on teachers' teaching behavior in the classroom is also deeply restricted by the time-consuming training manpower cost or the inconvenience of the collection equipment. Under the trend of beginning to pay attention to effective classrooms, AI Sokrates Teaching Analytics System has improved the problem of labor cost by expanding the technology equipment in the classroom, and combined with the advantages of digital and technology using the semi-automatic method to collect the data of teachers' pattern of teaching behavior. It is a teaching support system based on modern educational concepts. The use of effective technology interaction and teaching method application strategies can create more efficient teaching effects.
The purposes of this study were to understand the difference between the quantitative data of classes from AI Sokrates Teaching Analytics System and the qualitative data of observations from the experts, explore the effect of principals’ technology leadership on teachers and their pattern of teaching behavior and effectiveness, and analyze the relationship between pattern of teaching behavior and teaching effectiveness. This study employed the content analysis, interview, and questionnaire investigation methods in order to achieve the research purposes. In addition, the Pearson product-moment correlation was used to analyze the relationship between teachers' pattern of teaching behavior and teaching effectiveness. Furthermore, the SEM was employed to verify the liner relationship between the two variables aforementioned. That is, the effect of teachers' pattern of teaching behavior on teachers’ teaching effectiveness.
The results show that the higher consensus of the AI Sokrates Teaching Analytics System and the experts, the higher teaching effectiveness of the class. Those principals who implemented the strategies of technology leadership would appropriately model the pattern of teaching behavior to integrate technology into their classes to meet the needs of their teaching eventually. Moreover, there is a significantly positive correlation between teachers' overall pattern of teaching behavior and teaching effectiveness (r=0.83, p <.01). After the model fitness test, it revealed that the proposed model fits well and the teachers' pattern of teaching behavior has significantly positive effect (.97) on teachers’ teaching effectiveness. The suggestions were provided which were based on the results for the reference of educational administration institutions, elementary and junior high school principals, teachers, and the follow up research in the future.